Forest Fire (13159 ha) in Thailand 23 Mar 2023

Event summary

This forest fire is expected to have a low humanitarian impact based on the magnitude and the affected population and their vulnerability.

GDACS ID WF 1013069
Countries: Thailand
Start Date - Last detection*: 23 Mar 2023 - 29 Mar 2023
Duration (days): 6
People affected: 15 in the burned area
Burned area: 13159 ha
More Info: Global Wildfire Information System

*(Last detection of the thermal anomaly of the fire)


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.

Detailed event map. European Union, 2023. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Impact Timeline

IDAlert colorGDACS ScorePopulation AffectedBurned Area (ha)Last UpdateSource
1 0.5 15 12488 29 Mar 2023 03:00 GWIS
2 0.5 15 13159 30 Mar 2023 03:00 GWIS

Fires Joined

This event includes other close identified fires:

Exposed population

The forest fire happened in Thailand , Province of Chiang Rai (population 1,105,858) . The nearest places are Chang Rai, Phan, Ban San Mafuang, Wiang Pa Pao, and Phayao.

Radius Population
10 km 150000 people
5 km 20000 people
2 km 5600 people
1 km 1800 people
Burned Area <1000 people

Land Cover area Source
Settlement 456 m2 GHSL
Protected Area 10923 ha WDPA

Affected Provinces

Region Province Country Population
Chiang Rai Thailand 1.1 million people
Chiang Mai Thailand 1.4 million people
Shan State Myanmar 3.9 million people

Affected populated places

Name Region Province Country City class Population Distance
Chang Rai Chiang Rai Thailand City - 14 km
Phan Chiang Rai Thailand City - 47 km
Ban San Mafuang Chiang Mai Thailand City - 58 km
Wiang Pa Pao Chiang Rai Thailand City - 71 km
Phayao Phayao Thailand City 21000 people 91 km

see full list

Critical infrastructure

Airports, ports, nuclear plants and hydrodams at risk, if affected, are listed below.


Name IATA Code Elevation (m) Usage Runway type IFR Runway Length (ft) Distance
Chiang Rai 400 0 15 km
Chiang Tai International CEI 390 Civ. Paved Yes 9800 18 km
Tachilek THL 390 Civ. Paved Yes 7000 61 km
Monghsat MOG 571 Civ. Paved No 5000 77 km
Chiang Kham 389 Mil. Paved No 4100 79 km
Ban Houayxay OUI 421 Civ. Paved No 4900 82 km



Nuclear plants

More information

For a full list of available products related to this event, please refer to the GDACS Resources page.