Overall Green alert Volcanic eruption for Marapi
in Indonesia

Event summary

GREEN alert: The Marapi Volcanic eruption is unlikely to require external humanitarian assistance based on the exposed population and coping capacity.

GDACS ID VO 1000084
Name: Marapi
Lat/Lon: -0.38 , 100.474
Event Date: 15 Jan 2024 UTC
Exposed Population 30km: About 1190000 people within 30km
Exposed Population 100km: About 4450000 people within 100km
Max Volc. Explosivity Index VEI: 2
Population Exposure Index PEI: 5
Inserted at: 15 Jan 2024 06:46 UTC


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Indonesia - Volcanic eruption (ECHO 04 Dec 2023)Mon, 04 Dec 2023 10:49

  • On 3 December, Mount Marapi located in West Sumatra, increased its volcanic activity with volcanic ash emission and volcanic rocks. The ash column was observed 3,000 m above the peak.
  • According to the Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) and the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet), as of 3 December,  at least 11 people died, nine have been injured, 28 are still missing and a total of 75 people have been affected.
  • The authorities appealed to the people to stay outside the danger zone (3 km from the crater). 

Indonesia - Volcanic eruption, update (ECHO 06 Dec 2023)Wed, 06 Dec 2023 09:57

  • The activity of Mount Marapi, located in West Sumatra Province, is still ongoing and more than 45 eruptions have been recorded by the authorities.
  • The National Agency for Disaster Countermeasure (BNPB) reports, as of 6 December, 15 fatalities and eight still missing people following the main eruption occurred on 3 December. Moreover, according to the ASEAN Disaster Information Network (ADINet), 12 people have been injured and 75 others affected.
  • Local and national authorities are still conducting rescue operations and are monitoring the activity of the volcano.
  • People around the volcano are asked not to carry out any activities at a distance of less than 3 km from the crater. In addition, people in four nearby sub-districts are advised to reduce activities outside the home and to wear masks when doing outdoor activities.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2024. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

The Smithsonian/USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report provides information about global volcanism on a weekly basis. Latest Marapi report has been published on 13 Dec 2023 09:09.
PVMBG reported that eruptive activity at Marapi was ongoing during 6-12 December, though foggy and raining weather conditions often prevented visual observations of the summit. White-and-gray ash plumes rose 400-500 m and drifted NE, E, and W on 6 December. Eruptive events were recorded by the seismic network at 1009 on 6 December and at 0141 on 7 December though no ash emissions were observed. On 11 December white-and-gray ash plumes rose 200-400 m above the summit and drifted E and S. At 0805 that same day a dense gray ash plume rose 400 m above the summit and drifted N. The Alert Level remained at 2 (on a scale of 1-4), and the public was warned to stay 3 km away from the summit crater. Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)
See the detail here

Latest media headlines

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Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (32), (2), INGV (2), DesInventar (1), WMO (1), INFORM (2),