Overall Green alert Tropical Cyclone for PABUK-18
in Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia

Event summary

Tropical Cyclone PABUK-18 can have a low humanitarian impact based on the maximum sustained wind speed, exposed population and vulnerability.

GDACS ID TC 1000539
Name PABUK-18
From - To 31 Dec - 05 Jan
Exposed countries Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia
Exposed population No people in Category 1 or higher
Maximum wind speed 102 km/h Tropical storm
Maximum storm surge 1.6 m (04 Jan 12:00 UTC)
Vulnerability High (Myanmar)


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.
Wind Storm surge Rainfall GDACS score
Single TC: maximum expected impact (wind, storm surge, rainfall)
HWRF n.a n.a. n.a. n.a.
GFS n.a n.a. n.a. n.a.
ECMWF n.a n.a. n.a. n.a.
Maximum expected impact (wind, storm surge and rainfall) using different data sources.
Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
Analytical products
Thailand - Tropical cyclone PABUK update (ECHO 17 Apr 2019)Tue, 08 Jan 2019 11:03

  • Tropical cyclone PABUK made landfall in the Nakhon Si Thammarat province on 4 January. As of 8 January at 8.00 UTC, four people have reportedly been killed, approximately 700 000 evacuated and at least 2 000 homes damaged.
Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar, India - Tropical storm PABUK update (ECHO 17 Apr 2019)Fri, 04 Jan 2019 11:02

  • Tropical storm PABUK continued north-west towards southern Thailand, strengthening. On 4 January at 0.00 UTC, its centre was approx. 205 km south-east of Nakhon Si Thammarat with maximum sustained winds of 93 km/h.
  • It is forecast to reach south Sichon on 4 January at 12.00 UTC with maximum sustained winds up to 110 km/h and to reach the Andaman Islands (India) on 6 January.
  • Heavy rainfall, with the risk of flash flooding and landslides, strong winds and storm surge could affect southern Thailand, southern Myanmar, northern Malaysia and Andaman Islands over 4-6 January.
  • The Authorities in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province (Thailand) have issued evacuation orders for more than 30 000 people living in six seaside districts.
Thailand, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia – Tropical storm PABUK (ECHO 17 Apr 2019)Thu, 03 Jan 2019 11:02

  • Tropical storm PABUK continued west-north-west towards southern Thailand strengthening. On 3 January at 0.00 UTC, its center was located approx. 250 km north-east of Kuala Terengganu (Terengganu State, Malaysia) and 650 km south-east of Nakhon Si Thammarat (Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, Thailand) with maximum sustained winds of 74 km/h.
  • Over the next 24 hours, it is forecast to continue north-west, strengthening, and could make landfall as a tropical storm in southern Thailand on the morning of 4 January.
  • Heavy rainfall, strong winds and storm surge are forecast for southern Thailand, northern Malaysia, southern Myanmar, southern Vietnam, and southern Cambodia from 3-5 January.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2022. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

Latest media headlines

Articles: 261 | About casualties: 2 | Last hour: 0

Rob McElweeTue, 08 Jan 2019 23:30:00 +0100.

08 Jan 2019 21:50 GMT Southeast Asia records unusual January rain Pabuk may no longer be a cyclone, but its influence can be seen in the form of rare winter rains from Myanmar to China. 02 Dec 2018 13:20 GMT Eastern Europe set for break
Thailand: Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot ... Mon, 07 Jan 2019 12:59:00 +0100.

THAILAND. Tropical Storm Pabuk made landfall in southern Thailand on 4 January, bringing widespread and torrential rainfall affecting 720,885 people and damaging farmland and houses in 16 provinces. Provincial authorities are leading the re
Thailand monitors supply of goods in storm-hit areasMon, 07 Jan 2019 12:26:00 +0100.

People return to their village in the aftermath of Tropical Storm Pabuk on Jan. 5 in Pak Phanang, Nakhon Si Thammarat. (Photo: AP/Sumeth Panpetch) Bangkok (NNT/VNA) - The Thai Ministry of Commerce is monitoring the supply of everyday pro
Serbian coach sacked after Thai thrashing in Asian CupMon, 07 Jan 2019 02:21:00 +0100.

by Tim Newton. Now the actual storm has passed, a media storm is brewing over two key issues – tourists claiming they had little knowledge about the approaching storm and local tour operators, especially in the Andaman region, who say the m

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Analytical products

Daily Maps:

04/Jan/2019 06:23 UTC

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (36), (2), WMO (1), INFORM (2),