Overall Red alert Tropical Cyclone for LINGLING-19
in Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, Republic of, China, Japan, Russian Federation

Event summary

Tropical Cyclone LINGLING-19 can have a high humanitarian impact based on the maximum sustained wind speed, exposed population and vulnerability.

GDACS ID TC 1000593
From - To 02 Sep - 07 Sep
Exposed countries Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, Republic of, China, Japan, Russian Federation
Exposed population 20.1 million in Category 1 or higher
Maximum wind speed 222 km/h Category 4
Maximum storm surge 2.1 m (07 Sep 07:00 UTC)
Vulnerability High (North Korea)


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.
Wind Storm surge Rainfall GDACS score
GDACS JTWC 120 km/h 2.6 m n.a. 2.5
Single TC: maximum expected impact (wind, storm surge, rainfall)
HWRF 230 km/h 1.6 m 600 mm 2.5
GFS 202 km/h 1.8 m 1108 mm 1.5
ECMWF 144 km/h 1.1 m 766 mm 0.5
Maximum expected impact (wind, storm surge and rainfall) using different data sources.
Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
Analytical products
Philippines, Taiwan, Japan - Tropical Cyclone LINGLING (ECHO 03 Sep 2019)Tue, 03 Sep 2019 13:03

  • Tropical Cyclone LINGLING formed in the western Pacific Ocean on 29 August and is moving north over the Philippine Sea.
  • On 3 September its centre was located approximately 200 km south-east of Batan Island (Luzon Srait, northern Philippines), with maximum sustained winds of up to 93 km/h (tropical storm).
  • LINGLING is forecast to strengthen as it moves further north, passing east of Taiwan before reaching Ryukyu Archipelago (south-western Japan) on the afternoon of 4 September, with maximum sustained winds up to 139 km/h.
  • Moderate to heavy rainfall will affect the northern coast of Luzon Island, Babuyan, Batanes Islands (Philippines), the eastern coast of Taiwan, and Ishigaki Island (Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan) over 3-4 September.
Japan, South Korea - Tropical Cyclone LINGLING (ECHO 05 Sep 2019)Wed, 04 Sep 2019 13:06

  • Tropical Cyclone LINGLING continues north over the Philippine Sea, approaching Ryukyu Archipelago (south-western Japan).
  • On 4 September at 0.00 its centre was located approximately 250 km east south-east of Iriomote Island (Okinawa Prefecture, south-western Japan) with maximum sustained winds up to 139 km/h (Category 1). LINGLING is expected to reach the southern islands of Ryukyu Archipelago on the morning of 5 September, with maximum sustained winds of 185-194 km/h (Category 3). It is forecast to enter the East China Sea, moving further north towards South Korea on 7 September.
  • LINGLING will bring heavy rain, strong winds and storm surge to the areas along the forecast track. Warnings for high waves, strong winds and thunderstorms are in effect for southern Ryukyu Archipelago. Heavy rain is forecast over coastal south-western South Korea over 4-5 September.
Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Philippines - Tropical Cyclone LINGLING Thu, 05 Sep 2019 13:05

  • Tropical Cyclone LINGLING is approaching southern Ryukyu Archipelago (south-western Japan).
  • On 5 September at 0.00 UTC its centre was approximately 70 km south of Miyako-jima Island with maximum sustained winds of 213 km/h (Category 4).
  • It is forecast to make landfall over Miyako-jima in the morning of 5 September with maximum sustained winds up to 222 km/h before entering the Eastern China Sea, weakening in intensity as it reaches the western coast of the Korean Peninsula on the morning of 7 September.
  • Locally to heavy rain is possible over the northern Philippines while flood, and rainfall-induced advisories have been issued for Batanes and Babuyan Islands (Philippines). Red warnings for heavy rain, storm, and high waves are in effect for southern Ryukyu Archipelago. Severe weather is forecast for coastal Taiwan and the south-western coast of South Korea.
Japan, South Korea, North Korea, China, Taiwan - Tropical Cyclone LINGLING (ECHO 06 Sep 2019)Fri, 06 Sep 2019 13:09

  • After passing over Miyako-jima island (south Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan), Tropical Cyclone LINGLING entered the East China Sea, moving north towards Korean Peninsula. On 6 September at 0.00 its centre was located approximately 350 km west of Tokunoshima Island (north Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan), and 450 km south-east of Shanghai (China) with maximum sustained winds of 220 km/h.
  • LINGLING is forecast to continue north, entering the Yellow Sea and to make landfall on the western coast of the Korean peninsula on the morning (UTC) of 7 September, with maximum sustained winds from 120 to 175 km/h.
  • Transport disruptions have been reported in southern Japan and South Korea. Red warnings for high waves have been issued for Ryukyu Archipelago.
  • Heavy rainfall is forecast for Kyushu Island (Japan), coastal areas from Shanghai to Shandong Province, central and southern Taiwan (China), and coastal western Korean Peninsula on 6-8 September. Storm surge could affect western Korean Pensinsula from 6-7 September.
North Korea, South Korea - Tropical Cyclone LINGLING update (ECHO 09 Sep 2019)Mon, 09 Sep 2019 13:03

  • 8 deaths have been reported following Tropical Cyclone LINGLING's passage over the Korean Peninsula on 6-7 September.
  • In North Korea, national authorities report 5 fatalities and three injured people, while in South Korea three people died in the north-western area of the country, and 33 others have been injured.
  • Strong winds and floods caused damage to at least 460 houses and 46,200 hectares of crops in North Korea. Damage to houses and public buildings occurred in South Korea as well, with 38 people evacuated in Gwangju (south-west South Korea) and 160,000 households experiencing power outage.
  • Moderate rainfall will continue to affect western Korean Peninsula on 9-10 September.
Detailed event map. European Union, 2023. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

Latest media headlines

Articles: 416 | About casualties: 140 | Last hour: 0

About 500,000 people in China affected by Typhoon LinglingTue, 10 Sep 2019 16:18:00 +0200.

Beijing, Sep 10 (Prensa Latina) About 500,000 people have been affected as a result of the strong winds and rains that hit China's northeastern coast with the passage of Typhoon Lingling, the 13th of the current season, official sources rep
Storm Blows Across Japan, Korean Peninsula, Killing 9Tue, 10 Sep 2019 08:20:00 +0200.

Railway, subway operators suspend services and flights cancelled at Tokyo airports halting travel. At least nine people are reported killed, as typhoon blew across Japan and Korean peninsula on Monday. A women in her 50s was killed and 4
Floodwaters erode one of dams protecting Komsomolsk-on-Amur in Russia’ ... Tue, 10 Sep 2019 07:38:00 +0200.

KHABAROVSK, September 10. /TASS/. Waters of the Amur River near the city of Komsomolsk-on-Amur in Russia’s Far East rose to more than eight meters as of Tuesday, exceeding the critical mark by almost two meters and partially eroding a prote
Typhoon Killed 5, Destroyed Hundreds of Homes in North KoreaTue, 10 Sep 2019 04:56:00 +0200.

SEOUL – A typhoon in North Korea has caused five deaths, destroyed hundreds of houses and inundated nearly 50,000 hectares of farmland. Lingling, typhoon-13 of the season in the Pacific, passed through the country late on Saturday with wind

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Analytical products

Daily Maps:

04/Sep/2019 06:15 UTC

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (37), (2), WMO (1), INFORM (2),