M 7.5 in Türkiye on 06 Feb 2023 10:24 UTC

Event summary

This earthquake can have a high humanitarian impact based on the magnitude and the affected population and their vulnerability.

GDACS ID EQ 1357560
Earthquake Magnitude: 7.5M
Glide number: EQ-2023-000015-TUR
Depth: 10 Km
Lat/Lon: 38.0235 , 37.203
Event Date: 06 Feb 2023 10:24 UTC
06 Feb 2023 13:24 Local
Exposed Population: 1.7 million (in MMI>=VII)
Inserted at: 06 Feb 2023 10:46 UTC
INFORM Coping capacity:
3.2 (Türkiye)


For more info on GDACS alert score click here.
GDACS score
NEIC 2.1 2.1
us6000jlqa Scaled population (vector) 5.82  
  C1 shakemap -0.59  
  C2 shakemap 0.53  
  Country Vulnerability 0  
  INFORM_normalised 0.77  
Maximum expected impact using different data sources.
Virtual OSOCC
Meteo assessment
Satellite products
Analytical products
Türkiye, Syria - Earthquake, update (ECHO 13 Feb 2023)Mon, 13 Feb 2023 11:31

  • After the earthquakes of 7.8 M in Pazarcik and 7.5 M in Elbistan Districts  (southern Türkiye) occurred on 6 February, the death toll has increased.
  • In Türkiye, 29,605 people died, almost 80,300 others have been injured and 147,934 have been evacuated in the Provinces of Kahramanmaras, Gaziantep, Sanliurfa, Diyarbakir, Adana, Adiyaman, Osmaniye, Hatay, Kilis, Malatya and Elazig, as reported by the Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD).
  • In Syria, as of 12 February, UN OCHA reports 5,714 fatalities and 9,949 injured across the affected areas in Northwest Syria and government-controlled areas.
  • Following Syria’s and the World Food Programme’s requests for assistance from the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM), so far nine countries offered assistance, tents, blankets, beds and other shelter items.
  • After Türkiye’s request for assistance from the UCPM, 26 countries offered 38 search and rescue teams, medical teams and thousands of tents, blankets, heaters and other shelter items.
Syria - Dam break and floods (ECHO 14 Feb 2023)Tue, 14 Feb 2023 11:39

  • Following the earthquake in southern Türkiye on 6 February, a dam collapsed in north-western Syria, causing the overflow of the Orontes River, as recorded by UN OCHA. The flood event led to the displacements of people from the village of Al-Tlul (Salqin Nahiyah Subdistrict, Harem District, Idlib Governorate) to nearby camps as several houses have been submerged by water.
  • In addition, the same source reports, 7,000 evacuated people and 1,000 flooded houses across the nearby villages of Hardana, Delbiya, Jakara, and Hamziyeh due to the same event.
  • Heavy machinery has been deployed by the WASH partners to open channels and mitigate the flood in Al Tlul.
  • For the next 24 hours, no rain is forecast across northwestern Syria, including the earthquake-affected Governorates. 
Türkiye, Syria - Earthquake, update (ECHO 07 Feb 2023)Tue, 07 Feb 2023 12:07

  • After the 7.8 M earthquake (7.7 as reported by Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency - AFAD) occurred on 6 February in Pazarcik District of Kahramanmaras Province (south-eastern Turkey) close to the border with northern Syria. 
  • According to the latest report of AFAD, as of 7 February at 1.30 UTC, in Türkiye, 2,921 people have died, and more than 15,800 persons have been injured across the Provinces of Kahramanmaras, Gaziantep, Sanliurfa, Diyarbakir, Adana, Adiyaman, Osmaniye, Hatay, Kilis and Malatya.
  • The Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA), reports 812 fatalities and almost 1,450 injured people in the Governorates of Aleppo, Lattakia, Hama, Idlib, and Tartous in government-control.
  • In Northwest Syria, UN OCHA reports at least 255 deaths and 811 injuries. Preliminary assessments indicate that the sub-districts of Harim, Atmeh, Sarmada, Atareb, and Kafr Takharim are among the worst hit areas.
  • On 6 February, Türkiye requested assistance from the Union Civil Protection Mechanism (UCPM), for search and rescue teams and emergency teams. So far 21 countries offered teams through the UCPM. The EU is also ready to support those affected in Syria, through its humanitarian assistance programs.
Türkiye, Syria – Earthquake (ECHO 21 Feb 2023)Tue, 21 Feb 2023 11:46

  • An earthquake of 6.3 M (6.4 M as registered by AFAD) at a depth of 16 km occurred in Defne District (Hatay Province, southern Türkiye) very close to the border with north-western Syria on 20 Feb at 17.04 UTC (20.04 local time). The epicentre was located in the Koyunoglu village area, approximately 15 km south-west of Antiochia City (capital of Hatay Province) and 95 km west of Aleppo City (north-western Syria).
  • At least 90 aftershocks with magnitude up to 5.8 M have been recorded in the area. USGS PAGER estimates that up to 406,000 people were exposed to severe shaking, 351,000 to very strong and 470,000 to strong.
  • According to AFAD, in Türkiye six people have died, and almost 300 others have been injured (18 of whom seriously injured). National authorities provided 6,000 tents fot the people affected in the area of the earthquake.
  • In Syria, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reports over 470 injured people.
  • Following the 7.8 M and 7.5 M earthquakes occurred on 6 February the number of fatalities stands at more than 46,000 people across Türkiye (41,020) and Syria (5,914).
Detailed event map. European Union, 2024. Map produced by EC-JRC.
The boundaries and the names shown on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the European Union.

Updates on volcanic activity (Smithsonian)

Latest media headlines

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Invece, nella sede di Gaziantep, il cui nome, Amal al Hayat Merkezi, tradotto in italiano significa “la speranza della vita”, l’associazione si occupa soprattutto di adolescenti. “Molti bambini e ragazzi hanno interrotto gli studi dopo aver

Estimated casualties (PAGER)

USGS estimates the number of casualties for each earthquake for the Prompt Assessment of Global Earthquakes for Response (PAGER) product.
The graph shows the current fatalities estimate.

Exposed population

Analytical products

Syria - Earthquake impact map

20/Feb/2023 08:32 UTC

The maps provides an overall assessment of the impact in Syria, as of 17 February 2023. It includes figures of humanitarian impact pre-post earthquake and the distribution of the IDP locations and refugee camps. 

M7.8 and M7.5 Earthquakes in Türkiye and Syria - JRC Scientific Analysis - Update #4

20/Feb/2023 08:21 UTC

This the fifth JRC emergency report on the ongoing earthquake crisis in Türkiye and Syria, which started 06 Feb 2023 at 01:17 UTC – 04:17 local time (previous reports published on 06, 07, 08 and 10 February, respectively). Please note that this report is complementary to the previous ones, i.e., it does not necessarily include information already shared, but only new information. This update provides additional information related to seismic analysis, based on the recorded events and measured displacements. In addition, it also focuses on the earthquake impact on built environment (buildings, critical infrastructure) and the status/outcomes of the satellite mapping activations for both Countries. From the ongoing social media monitoring and analyses, elements about observed signals of population displacement changes, mis/disinformation (limited distribution within the Union Civil Protection Mechanism only) and health-related news are also shared. Finally, methodologies and preliminary data for a possible scientific support to Rapid Assessment for early rehabilitation and reconstruction are also outlined.

M7.8 and M7.5 Earthquakes in Türkiye and Syria - JRC Scientific Analysis - Update #3

15/Feb/2023 13:01 UTC

Scientific analysis of the the ongoing seismic crisis in Turkiye and Syria

M7.8 and M7.5 Earthquakes in Türkiye and Syria - JRC Scientific Analysis - Update #2

15/Feb/2023 13:00 UTC

Scientific analysis of the the ongoing seismic crisis in Turkiye and Syria

M7.8 and M7.5 Earthquakes in Türkiye and Syria - JRC Scientific Analysis - Update #1

15/Feb/2023 12:59 UTC

Scientific analysis of the the ongoing seismic crisis in Turkiye and Syria

Annex to Update #3

15/Feb/2023 10:59 UTC

North-Western Syria Earthquakes as of 10 february 2023 16:00 UTC

Drought in Türkiye and Syria February 2023

15/Feb/2023 09:45 UTC

This publication is a Technical report by th Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission's science and knowledge service.

Data, images, links, services and documents

For this events, GDACS has links to information from the following sources: EC-JRC (48), (3), NEIC (4), OCHA (1), INGV (1), WMO (1), USGS (5), INFORM (2),